What is a Biohazard

Hazmat Suit, Hazardous Materials

Biohazardous waste is any biological residue That’s potentially dangerous for human or animal health, such as:

• human blood and its components, in liquid or semi-liquid form, dried or not • human bodily fluids (such as semen, vaginal secretions, cerebral spinal fluid, synovial fluid, pleural fluid, pericardial fluid, peritoneal fluid, amniotic fluid, and saliva), in liquid or semi-liquid form, dried or not

• human pathological waste: all human tissues, organs, and body parts

• animal waste: all animal carcasses and body parts

• microbiological waste: lab byproducts containing infectious agents (including discarded specimen cultures, stocks of etiologic agents, discarded live and attenuated viruses, wastes from the production of biologicals and serums, disposable culture dishes, and devices used to transfer, inoculate and mix cultures)

• sharps waste: sharp medical utensils such as scalpels, needles, glass slides, lancets, glass pipettes, broken glass that have been contaminated with potentially infectious material.

To help laboratories and healthcare operators browse through the rigorous legislation on hazardous waste disposal, the Department of Health has generated the following classification:

Offensive waste

It is non-clinical waste that’s non-infectious and does not contain pharmaceutical or chemical substances, but might be disagreeable to anyone who comes into contact with it.

You must segregate healthcare offensive residues from both clinical and mixed municipal rubbish.

If you’ve produced more than 7kg of municipal offensive byproducts, or have more than one bag in a collection period, you need to segregate it from any mixed municipal waste.

If you’ve produced less, you can eliminate your municipal offensive waste in your mixed municipal waste (‘black bag’).

It needs to be kept separately from any plaster waste that is infectious, which must be placed in the bagged infectious clinical waste stream.

Waste medicines

A medication is considered to be cytotoxic or cytostatic for classification purposes if it is any of the following:

• acutely toxic

• carcinogenic

• mutagenic

• toxic for reproduction

The safe management and disposal of sharps is very important to ensure the risks associated with handling sharps are removed and to ensure compliance with the Hazardous Waste Regulations (Special Waste Regulations in Scotland).

The use of sharps is set by the medicinal contamination. To guarantee compliance with the Hazardous Waste Regulations the right segregation and storage of sharps in color coded bins and unique containers is important.

• Orange bins-For the storage and disposal of sharps not containing or contaminated with medications, such as sharps used for blood samples and acupuncture

• Yellow bins-For the storage and disposal of sharps contaminated with or containing medicines or anaesthetics

• Purple bins-For the disposal of sharps and medications with Cyto-toxic or Cyto-static contents or contamination

• Blue bins-For the use of out of date medications, used drug denaturing kits and discarded items from use in the handling of pharmaceuticals such as boxes or bottles with residues, gloves, gloves, connecting tubes, syringe bodies and medication vials Anatomical waste.

Anatomical waste from operating theatres requires particular containment and must be stored, transported and disposed of as hazardous waste to make sure that there’s no threat to human health or to the environment.

• Body parts

• Organs

Laboratory chemicals and photochemicals

• Wastes classified as’hazardous’ at The Hazardous Waste Regulations 2005 amended 2016 (Schedules 1 and 2) or in The European Waste Catalogue (EWC)’List of Wastes’.

• Other wastes which exhibit one or more of the hazardous properties (HP1 to HP15) recorded in the Regulations (see the Environment Agency Guidance WM3).

Any medical supplies or other equipment (such as gloves, towels, used bandages and dressings, tubes) that come into contact with toxic materials and consequently display more than trace elements of these materials are also classified as toxic waste.

The Environmental Protection Act includes a’Duty of Care’ which requires all persons involved in the handling of waste, including manufacturers, to take reasonable and appropriate measures to ensure that:

• Waste is only kept, treated, deposited or disposed of in accordance with a waste management licence or other authorisation;

• Waste does not escape from the control of the holder;

• Waste is only transferred to authorised persons such as registered waste carriers or licensed disposal operations permitted to take that type of waste;

• All transfers / movements of this waste are accompanied by an adequate written description of the waste which will allow waste to be identified and then handled properly.

All Waste Matters provide specialist laboratory waste disposal services to a broad customer base throughout the UK, from industrial labs to schools, colleges and universities.

From our fully licensed waste management facility site in Kent, we can offer a tailored laboratory waste disposal and collection service of any undesirable chemicals and laboratory waste.

We gather with our own vehicles and our accredited lab waste disposal facility is often inspected by the Environment Agency.

This is vital in providing our customers with complete peace of mind and ensuring the laboratory waste is treated in-keeping and exceeding all recommended guidelines.

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